Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental grammar rule that ensures that the subject and verb in a sentence agree with each other in terms of tense, number, and person. This rule is crucial to ensure that the sentence is grammatically correct and conveys the intended meaning.

In class 9, students are introduced to the concept of subject-verb agreement and are expected to have a good understanding of it. To help students better understand the rule, let`s look at some examples of subject-verb agreement.

1. Singular subject and verb

A singular subject requires a singular verb. For example:

– The dog barks at the mailman.

– The boy plays soccer on Saturdays.

– The teacher explains the lesson to the students.

2. Plural subject and verb

A plural subject requires a plural verb. For example:

– The dogs bark at the mailman.

– The boys play soccer on Saturdays.

– The teachers explain the lesson to the students.

3. Compound subject and verb

When the subject is a compound (two or more nouns joined by `and`), it requires a plural verb. For example:

– Tom and Jerry chase each other in the house.

– The book and the pen are on the table.

– The sun and the moon rise and set every day.

4. Singular subject, plural verb

When a singular subject is connected to a plural noun by `or` or `nor`, the verb agrees with the noun closer to it. For example:

– Neither the dog nor the cats like the new food.

– Either the teacher or the students are going on a field trip.

5. Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns, such as everyone, somebody, anyone, and nobody, are singular and require singular verbs. For example:

– Everybody knows the answer to the question.

– Someone left their books on the desk.

6. Collective nouns

Collective nouns, such as team, group, committee, and staff, can be singular or plural depending on context. If the group is acting as one unit, they require a singular verb. If they are acting as individuals, they require a plural verb. For example:

– The team is working hard to win the championship. (singular verb)

– The team are wearing their new uniforms. (plural verb)

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential grammar rule that students must master in class 9. By understanding the examples of subject-verb agreement, students can write grammatically correct sentences and communicate effectively.